Foodborne Illness Outbreak Database

This database provides summaries of significant food and water related outbreaks occurring since 1984 caused by E. coli, Salmonella, Hepatitis A, Campylobacter and other pathogens. Read more »

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2010 Multistate Outbreak of Salmonella Paratyphi Linked to Turtles

Between August 5, 2010 and September 26, 2011, a total of 132 cases of human Salmonella Paratyphi B var. L (+) tartrate + infection were reported in 18 states. The median age of patients was 6 years (range: less than 1 year to 75 years), 66% were aged less than 10 years, and 63% were female. No deaths were reported. Of the 56 patients interviewed, 36 (64%) reported turtle exposure. For 15 patients who could recall the type of turtle contacted, 14 identified turtles too small to be legally traded. Five samples of turtle tank water from patient homes tested positive for the outbreak strain (four from Pennsylvania and one from South Carolina). Investigation to trace the source of these turtles was difficult because the vendors were transient. A ban on the sale of small turtles has been in effect for over 30 years, but apparently was insufficient to have prevented this outbreak.

  • Outbreak began:
  • August 2010
  • Affected Country:
  • US
  • Affected States/Territories:
  • Pennsylvania, South Carolina
  • Organism(s):
  • Salmonella
  • Vehicle(s):
  • Animal Contact, Turtles
  • Molecular Results Available:
  • Yes
  • Test Results:
  • Unknown
  • Location(s):
  • Private Homes
  • Brand Name(s):
  • Product Subject to Recall:
  • Unknown
  • Total ill:
  • 132
  • Number ill by Case Definition Known:
  • Unknown
  • Number Laboratory Confirmed Cases:
  • N/A
  • Number Probable Cases:
  • N/A
  • Number Possible Cases:
  • N/A
  • Anyone Hospitalized:
  • Unknown
  • Number Hospitalized:
  • Unknown
  • Any Deaths:
  • No
  • Number Dead:
  • 0
  • Any References:
  • Yes

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