Foodborne Illness Outbreak Database

This database provides summaries of significant food and water related outbreaks occurring since 1984 caused by E. coli, Salmonella, Hepatitis A, Campylobacter and other pathogens. Read more »

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2011-2012 Multistate Outbreaks of Human Salmonella Infections Linked to Small Turtles

On August 8, 2012 the CDC posted an announcement of six multistate outbreaks of human salmonellosis linked to exposure to small turtles or turtle environments (e.g., water from a turtle habitat). The posting was updated on October 19, 2012. A total of 219 persons were culture positive with one of the outbreak strains of Salmonella Sandiego, Salmonella Newport, Salmonella Pomona and Salmonella Poona. Patients resided in 34 states. Thirty six ill persons were hospitalized. Forty-nine percent of the ill persons were of Hispanic ethnicity. A brief summary of each outbreak follows. Outbreak 1 - Salmonella Sandiego, Strain A and Salmonella Newport, Strain A - A total of 124 ill persons were infected with Salmonella Sandiego, Strain A or Salmonella Newport, Strain A resided in 22 states. Illness onsets ranged from August 3, 2011 and continued into 2012. Among the 72 ill persons for whom information was available, 15 reported being hospitalized. Outbreak 2 - Salmonella Pomona, Strain A - A total of 23 persons infected with Salmonella Pomona, Strain A were reported by 13 states and Puerto Rico. Illness onset dates ranged from December 9, 2011 and continued into 2012. Ill persons ranged in age from less than 1 year to 90 years, with a median age of 16 years. Among 18 persons with available information, 5 were hospitalized. Seven patients reported contact with turtles. Outbreak 3 - Salmonella Poona, Strain A and Salmonella Sandiego - A total of 58 individuals residing in 22 states were reported as having Outbreak Strain A of Salmonella Poona or Salmonella Sandiego. Illness onsets ranged from October 20, 2011 and continued into 2012. Ill persons ranged in age from less than 1 year to 70 years, with a median age of 3 years. Sixteen patients were hospitalized. Six ill persons reported travel to the Florida panhandle and either purchased or handled small turtles at local souvenier stores. As a result, souvenier stores in the Florida panhandle have voluntarily agreed to stop selling turtles. Investigations conducted by the Florida Fish and Wildlife Commission identified brokers and turtle farms that supplied turtles to souvenier stores in the Florida panhandle area associated with ill persons. This information was shared with the US FDA. In July 2012, two samples of turtle tank water from the home of an ill person in Mississippi yielded the outbreak strain, Salmonella Poona, Strain A. Outbreak 4 - Salmonella Pomona, Strain B - A total of 120 individuals infected with Salmonella Pomona, Strain B, were reported in 28 states and the District of Columbia. Illness onsets started in May 2011 and continued into 2012. Ill persons ranged in age from less than 1 year to 94 years with a median age of 2 years. Nineteen of 69 persons with available information were hospitalized.

  • Outbreak began:
  • May 2011
  • Affected Country:
  • US
  • Affected States/Territories:
  • California, Arizona, New York, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Oregon, Colorado, Washington, Maryland, Michigan, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia, Arkansas, Alaska, South Dakota, New Mexico, Kansas, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Vermont, Alabama, Delaware, District of Columbia, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Louisiana, Maine, Mississippi, Missouri, Nevada, New Jersey, Puerto Rico, South Carolina, Tennessee, Texas
  • Organism(s):
  • Salmonella
  • Vehicle(s):
  • Animal Contact, Turtles
  • Molecular Results Available:
  • Unknown
  • Test Results:
  • None
  • Location(s):
  • Private Homes
  • Brand Name(s):
  • Product Subject to Recall:
  • No
  • Total ill:
  • 325
  • Number ill by Case Definition Known:
  • No
  • Number Laboratory Confirmed Cases:
  • N/A
  • Number Probable Cases:
  • N/A
  • Number Possible Cases:
  • N/A
  • Anyone Hospitalized:
  • Yes
  • Number Hospitalized:
  • 55
  • Any Deaths:
  • No
  • Number Dead:
  • 0

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