Foodborne Illness Outbreak Database

This database provides summaries of significant food and water related outbreaks occurring since 1984 caused by E. coli, Salmonella, Hepatitis A, Campylobacter and other pathogens. Read more »

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2013 Campylobacter jejuni Infections Associated with Racoon Contact at a Wildlife Rehabilitation Center, Minnesota

In September 2013 Minnesota Department of Health (MDH) learned of two laboratory confirmed cases of Campylobacter jejuni though routine surveillance. Both reported working or volunteering at a wildlife rehabilitation center (WRC) located in Roseville, Minnesota before illness onsets of July 27 and September 1, respectively. The two isolates were indistinguishable by PFGE (Minnesota subtype designation CMP236). MDH sent an email to all WRC personnel who worked from July 1 to September 30. Two hundred and eleven of 710 personnel were interviewed. Eighteen met the case definition. Six were interns and 12 were volunteers. Onset dates ranged from June 13 to September 21. In univariate analyses, contact with multiple animal species was significantly associated with illness (7 of 18 cases vs. 9 of 166 controls). In a multivariate model, raccoons were the only species independently associated with illness (adjusted OR, 12.2; 95% CI, 2.19 to 239.9; p<0.001). Pooled juvenile raccoon samples tested positive for Campylobacter jejuni. All other animal fecal samples were negative. The PFGE pattern of the raccoon isolates was indistinguishable from that of the two index case isolates.

  • Outbreak began:
  • June 2013
  • Affected Country:
  • US
  • Affected States/Territories:
  • Minnesota
  • Organism(s):
  • Campylobacter
  • Vehicle(s):
  • Animal contact
  • Molecular Results Available:
  • Yes
  • Test Results:
  • CMP236 (Minnesota designation)
  • Location(s):
  • Wildlife center
  • Brand Name(s):
  • Wildlife Rehabilitation Center
  • Product Subject to Recall:
  • No
  • Total ill:
  • 18
  • Number ill by Case Definition Known:
  • Yes
  • Number Laboratory Confirmed Cases:
  • 2
  • Number Probable Cases:
  • 16
  • Number Possible Cases:
  • 0
  • Anyone Hospitalized:
  • Unknown
  • Number Hospitalized:
  • Unknown
  • Any Deaths:
  • No
  • Number Dead:
  • 0
  • Any References:
  • No

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