Foodborne Illness Outbreak Database

This database provides summaries of significant food and water related outbreaks occurring since 1984 caused by E. coli, Salmonella, Hepatitis A, Campylobacter and other pathogens. Read more »

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2014 Multistate Outbreak of Salmonella Linked to Contact with Pet Bearded Dragons

In April 2014 the CDC announced an outbreak of Salmonella Cotham and Salmonella Kisarawe linked to contact with bearded dragons, a popular pet lizard. On August 20, 2014 the CDC declared the outbreak over. In total there were 160 persons with the outbreak strain of Salmonella Cotham and there were 6 persons infected with Salmonella Kisarawe. Patients resided in 36 states. Among 115 persons for whom information was available, date that illnesses began range from February 2, 2012 to June 30, 2014. Among 118 ill persons with available information, 44 (37%) were hospitalized. There were no deaths. The pet dragons were purchased from multiple stores in different states. CDC's NARMS laboratory tested Salmonella Cotham isolates from 10 ill persons. One of the 10 was multidrug resistant and the other 9 isolates tested were pansusceptible.

  • Outbreak began:
  • February 2012
  • Affected Country:
  • US
  • Affected States/Territories:
  • California, Arizona, New York, Minnesota, Wisconsin, Oregon, Utah, Colorado, Maryland, Michigan, North Carolina, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Virginia, West Virginia, Alaska, Idaho, South Dakota, Massachusetts, Florida, Georgia, Indiana, Kentucky, Missouri, Nebraska, Nevada, New Jersey, South Carolina, Tennessee
  • Organism(s):
  • Salmonella
  • Vehicle(s):
  • reptile, bearded dragon
  • Molecular Results Available:
  • Unknown
  • Test Results:
  • None
  • Location(s):
  • Home
  • Brand Name(s):
  • Product Subject to Recall:
  • Unknown
  • Total ill:
  • 166
  • Number ill by Case Definition Known:
  • Yes
  • Number Laboratory Confirmed Cases:
  • 166
  • Number Probable Cases:
  • 0
  • Number Possible Cases:
  • 0
  • Anyone Hospitalized:
  • Yes
  • Number Hospitalized:
  • 44
  • Any Deaths:
  • No
  • Number Dead:
  • 0

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