Foodborne Illness Outbreak Database

This database provides summaries of significant food and water related outbreaks occurring since 1984 caused by E. coli, Salmonella, Hepatitis A, Campylobacter and other pathogens. Read more »

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Nebraska Beef Ltd./ Dorothy Lane Markets/Whole Foods Market Ground Beef July, 2008

In late July, PulseNet alerted the Centers for Disease Control regarding a cluster of E. coli O157 isolates from eight states with an indistinguishable pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) genetic pattern. Several of the case-patients revealed that they had consumed undercooked ground beef. Most patients had eaten ground beef prior to their illness onsets and had purchased the ground beef from one of two different grocery store chain outlets. Four consumer samples of ground beef (1 from a Dorothy Lane Market and 3 from a Whole Foods Market) and one sample of intact beef collected at a Dorothy Lane Market grew E. coli O157:H7 that was a genetic match to the E. coli O157:H7 isolated from the case patients. Traceback investigations indicated that the beef originated from Nebraska Beef, Ltd. Nebraska Beef, Ltd., was the sole source of the contaminated beef for Dorothy Lane Markets and was one of multiple suppliers for Whole Foods Market. On July 28, Dorothy Lane Markets announced a retail-level recall of ground beef products. Whole Foods Market announced a recall on August 8, and the slaughter facility initiated a nationwide recall of beef products linked to outbreak 2. This recall was expanded on August 14 to include approximately 1.36 million pounds of additional intact beef cuts. In May, 2008, beef processed by Nebraska Beef, and available in Kroger Grocery Stores in Ohio and Michigan, was linked to a multistate outbreak of a different strain of E. coli O157:H7.

  • Outbreak began:
  • June 2008
  • Affected Country:
  • US
  • Affected States/Territories:
  • New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Virginia, New Jersey
  • Organism(s):
  • E. coli O157:H7
  • Vehicle(s):
  • Beef, Ground Beef
  • Molecular Results Available:
  • Yes
  • Test Results:
  • PFGE: EXHX01.0008/EXHA26.0569
  • Location(s):
  • Grocery stores, Picnic, Private Home
  • Brand Name(s):
  • Coleman, DLM
  • Total ill:
  • 45
  • Number ill by Case Definition Known:
  • Yes
  • Number Laboratory Confirmed Cases:
  • 35
  • Number Probable Cases:
  • 0
  • Number Possible Cases:
  • 0
  • Anyone Hospitalized:
  • Yes
  • Number Hospitalized:
  • 20
  • Any Deaths:
  • No
  • Number Dead:
  • 0

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