Foodborne Illness Outbreak Database

This database provides summaries of significant food and water related outbreaks occurring since 1984 caused by E. coli, Salmonella, Hepatitis A, Campylobacter and other pathogens. Read more »

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Nebraska Beef Ltd/Kroger Company Ground Beef May, 2008

A multistate epidemiologic investigation into an outbreak of E. coli O157:H7 began in Ohio. The data indicated a significant association between illness and eating ground beef purchased at one of several Kroger Company stores in Michigan and Ohio. A traceback investigation of the ground beef from Kroger Company revealed that the beef originated from Nebraska Beef, Ltd., a beef processor. A recall for Kroger Company ground beef was issued for the ground beef sold in Michigan and Ohio. On July 3, Kroger Company expanded the recall to include ground beef sold at all of its stores. On June 30, a recall of 531,707 pounds of ground beef from Nebraska Beef Ltd. was announced. On July 3, Nebraska Beef Ltd expanded the June 30 recall to include all beef manufacturing trimmings and other products intended for use in raw ground beef produced between May 16 and June 26, totalling approximately 5.3 million pounds. Also see outbreak report for Barbeque Pit Restaurant in Georgia. Nebraska Beef would later be implicated, in July, in another outbreak of E.coli O157:H7. The strain of E. coli O157:H7 in that outbreak was a different PFGE pattern than the strain identified in this outbreak.

  • Outbreak began:
  • May 2008
  • Affected Country:
  • US
  • Affected States/Territories:
  • New York, Utah, Ohio, Alabama, Georgia, Indiana, New Jersey
  • Organism(s):
  • E. coli O157:H7
  • Vehicle(s):
  • Beef, Ground Beef, Hamburger
  • Molecular Results Available:
  • Yes
  • Test Results:
  • PFGE: EXHX01.0047/EXHA26.0332
  • Location(s):
  • Grocery stores, Kroger Co. Stores
  • Brand Name(s):
  • Fred Meyer, QFC, Kroger, City Market, Fry, Ralph, Smith, Baker, King Sooper, Hilander, Owen, Pay Less, Scott, Dillon, Gerbes
  • Total ill:
  • 79
  • Number ill by Case Definition Known:
  • No
  • Number Laboratory Confirmed Cases:
  • N/A
  • Number Probable Cases:
  • N/A
  • Number Possible Cases:
  • N/A
  • Anyone Hospitalized:
  • Yes
  • Number Hospitalized:
  • 32
  • Any Deaths:
  • No
  • Number Dead:
  • 0

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