Foodborne Illness Outbreak Database

This database provides summaries of significant food and water related outbreaks occurring since 1984 caused by E. coli, Salmonella, Hepatitis A, Campylobacter and other pathogens. Read more »

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North Carolina State Fair Petting Zoo 2004

A cluster of E. coli O157:H7 cases, including some who developed hemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS), were reported among children who had visited a petting zoo at the North Carolina State Fair. Further investigation found additional related illnesses. The fair had two petting zoos. A case control study was performed. No specific food, beverage, or recreational water exposure was associated with illness. Visiting petting zoo B was associated with a significantly increased risk of illness. Petting zoo B had sanitation problems. This petting zoo allowed extensive contact with goats and sheep and their bedding in a crowded circumstance. Visits to petting zoo A were not associated with illness.

  • Outbreak began:
  • October 2004
  • Affected Country:
  • US
  • Affected States/Territories:
  • N/A
  • Organism(s):
  • E. coli O157:H7
  • Vehicle(s):
  • Animal Contact
  • Molecular Results Available:
  • Unknown
  • Test Results:
  • None
  • Location(s):
  • Petting Zoo
  • Brand Name(s):
  • Product Subject to Recall:
  • No
  • Total ill:
  • 108
  • Number ill by Case Definition Known:
  • Unknown
  • Number Laboratory Confirmed Cases:
  • N/A
  • Number Probable Cases:
  • N/A
  • Number Possible Cases:
  • N/A
  • Anyone Hospitalized:
  • Yes
  • Number Hospitalized:
  • 20
  • Any Deaths:
  • Unknown
  • Number Dead:
  • Unknown

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