Foodborne Illness Outbreak Database

This database provides summaries of significant food and water related outbreaks occurring since 1984 caused by E. coli, Salmonella, Hepatitis A, Campylobacter and other pathogens. Read more »

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Peanut Corporation of America, Peanut Butter and Peanut Butter - Containing Products 2008

Beginning in November, CDC (Centers for Disease Control) PulseNet staff noted a small and highly dispersed, multistate cluster of Salmonella Typhimurium isolates. The outbreak consisted of two pulsed field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) defined clusters of illness. The first cluster displayed a unique primary enzyme (XbaI) restriction pattern and an uncommon secondary enzyme (BlnI) pattern. The second cluster had two closely related XbaI patterns that were very similar to the first cluster and a BlnI pattern that was indistinguishable from the first cluster. Illnesses continued to be revealed through April, 2009, when the last CDC report on the outbreak was published. Peanut butter and peanut butter containing products produced by the Peanut Corporation of America plant in Blakely, Georgia, were implicated. King Nut brand peanut butter was sold to institutional settings. Peanut paste was sold to many food companies for use as an ingredient. Implicated peanut products were sold widely throughout the USA, 23 countries and non-U.S. territories. Despite numerous product recalls, beginning in January, 2009, the wide dispersement of the peanut products, the long shelf life of these products, and the multiple labelings made it impossible to assure that all sources of these contaminated products had been totally eliminated. Peanut prices and demand for peanut-based products were little affected by this outbreak.

  • Outbreak began:
  • September 2008
  • Affected Country:
  • US
  • Affected States/Territories:
  • California, Arizona, New York, Minnesota, Oregon, Utah, Maryland, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Virginia, Hawaii, Idaho, South Dakota, Rhode Island, Vermont, Alabama, Georgia, Indiana, Maine, Mississippi, Nebraska, New Jersey
  • Organism(s):
  • Salmonella
  • Vehicle(s):
  • Nut, Peanut butter Nut, Peanut paste
  • Molecular Results Available:
  • Yes
  • Test Results:
  • PFGE pattern (XbaI PFGE pattern JPXX01.1818) and (XbaI pattern JPXX01.0459/jpxx01.1825); testing with PFGE enzyme BlnI showed both with JPXA26.0462)
  • Location(s):
  • Grocery stores, Many, Long term care facilities, Schools
  • Brand Name(s):
  • King Nut creamy peanut butter , Parnell's Pride peanut butter, Austin Toasty peanut butter cracker, Keebler peanut butter cracker, Many
  • Total ill:
  • 716
  • Number ill by Case Definition Known:
  • Yes
  • Number Laboratory Confirmed Cases:
  • 714
  • Number Probable Cases:
  • 0
  • Number Possible Cases:
  • 0
  • Anyone Hospitalized:
  • Yes
  • Number Hospitalized:
  • 171
  • Any Deaths:
  • Yes
  • Number Dead:
  • 9

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